Myanmar has an established artistic tradition. Its pagodas boast elaborate friezes, wall paintings, and sculptures. Local art forms, such as marionette theater and kalaga making, are internationally renowned. Myanmar's hill minorities also have distinctive arts and crafts.
Generally speaking, art in Myanmar means Buddhist art, and the Myanmar known to art history is not identical with the modern geographical unity. The Buddhist culture of Old Burma, however wide its general influence may have spread, was originally a product of the vast river basin of the Ayeyarwady river, with an extension sout-eastwards along the coast to the delta of the Thanlwin (Salween) river.